Narrative Fiction Story






Instructor’s Name:

Course Name & Number:












Part C

Draft 1

The topic for my first draft is a narrative fiction story. The story is set in the city of  Texas in modern America where two characters named Jack and Steffi are living with their 3 year old son. Jack has a catering business and Steffi works from home and takes care of all the household chores. Both are married for the past 5 years and now after so many years of knowing each other find their relationship in trouble. The reasons are not the present conditions but something from the past. Jack had a past he was involved with another girl when he was in school and they both used to love each other. The relationship lasted full two years and after two years they split up. The reasons for their split were not known to anyone. One fine day Steffi said something to Jack and he threw away his phone down the roof and decided never to call her back again. What they talked about is not known to anyone. Only they both knew it. After sometime there is again a split this time between Jack and Steffi and again the reasons are known to just the two of them. To be able to research and analyze the novel we shall have to understand the various techniques of narrative fiction. Stories can be analyzed through the various literary techniques. The final paper shall deal with the critical analysis of the story through the various elements of fiction. Narrative fiction is defined as any kind of imaginative recreation of life in the form of the prose narrative. All kinds of fiction are primarily a sort of falsehood of facts as it refers to those incidents that never actually happened. Fictional writers aim at the creation of the is called as the “legitimate untruths” as their sole aim is the creation of some meaningful insights into the present human condition. Hence it can be said that fiction is an absolute “untruth” but it is true in the universal sense.

There are different elements of narrative fiction that the writers use while writing fiction. The first one of them is the narrator. Who is the narrator of the story or who is telling the story, whether there is a third person or the story has been told in the first person. Or to put it simply what is the kind of the narrative voice is it Omniscient, limited omniscient, dramatic or objective in manner and so on and so forth.

The second element of narrative fiction is the setting of the story. Where/ under what type of circumstances/ any kind of occurrences of cultural content if there in the book that has helped with the narrative. The third element deals with the plot and the plot structure of the story. There are certain guiding questions as regards the plot structure of the novel? What is happening in the story or the time line of the narrative? The fourth element of the techniques of analyzing a narrative piece of fiction deals with the character or the general characterizations in the story. There are characters, characterizations and the character development in any story. The fifth element of the analysis of a piece of narrative fiction deals with the whole atmosphere of the narrative piece. Atmosphere refers to the dominant feeling or emotion that pervades any story. The atmosphere of the story also refers to the overall emotion that is consistently present in the story. The next element of narrative fiction is the tone of the story. Each story is written in a certain tone and even though atmosphere and tone are written in the same length but they are quite distinct from one another. Tone is the attitude that the narrator has towards his subject. These are the dominant elements of narrative fiction, there are a few other elements of fiction that are critical to the analysis of any type of fiction and they include the style, the imagery, the dialogues spoken by the characters, the intent or the purpose of the author in writing the narrative piece, the elements of irony are some of the other ways through a narrative piece of fiction can be analyzed. The final piece of creative writing shall be building upon the various elements of narrative fiction and how they can contribute in the making of a literary piece of writing. This is the first draft and this draft shall be expanded upon in the second draft.

















2nd Draft

The second draft shall be a continuation of the first draft. It is important to understand that the first draft needs to be expanded upon to be able to analyze the book better and since it is also just a blueprint I am expanding upon the techniques of narrative writing in the second draft. The creative writing topic selected belongs to the fiction genre of writing. My story deals with the topic of the blast from the past which means that there is something from the past that crops up and causes chaos in the lives of two people. It so happens that there is a married couple named Jack and Steffi who live in the suburbs of Texas in the United States of America. The couple has known each other for over nine years and is married for more than five years now. They have a son named Sean who is 3 years old and goes to school. They live in a joint family with Jack’s parents, brother and two other sisters. Steffi has been managing all of the household chores, her son and her own work all together all alone. She is quite a multi tasker but goes through certain mood swings frequently. She’ll be in a good mood at one moment and the other moment she shall be upset over something that she might not know the reasons to. The fact is that she has become frustrated with her life. Doing the same old chores again and again has made her life quite monotonous. Jack on the other hand is struggling with a privately owned catering business. He earns enough to feed his family of three and that’s about it nothing more and nothing less. He is struggling, she is struggling but they are a happy couple except for a few disagreements here and there which is common for all the couples. Everything was running as normal until the entry of another girl whose name was Maddy.  Maddy was Jack’s first love. She studied with him in school and the two of them were in a relationship. However one fine day Jack’s father came to know of the relationship and decided that Jack be sent to the city for higher studies but he could not continue there also as his mind was always wandering. He was not focused and hence that too did not succeed. Jack is more of a failure in everything that he has done of late. He has not been able to build relationships do his work properly.ven when he was sent away to another city he was in constant touch with his love. They made promises to each other to never part away and marry in future. However one fine day something else happened Maddy asked Jack about what his family wants of them and he replied that they want them to leave each other. Maddy said you can try this out and Jack threw away the phone with which he was talking to her on the road. And after that day the two of them never spoke to each other till after a few months he met Steffi. Steffi was a counselor at one of the language learning institutes and Jack used to go there to learn Spanish. They both met each other fell in love and were together for more than 3 years after which they got married. Everything was going well till on Facebook Jack met Maddy. She had seen his profile and sent her a friend request. Steffi saw that friend request and accepted it thinking positively about it. She thought that Jack would be happy to see his ex- girlfriend but slowly feelings began to grow between them and their developed a sort of a fondness for each other. They would talk to each other for hours over the phone or on the various social networking sites. It was this growing relationship between the two which Steffi disliked completely. Previously she had thought that Jack would never do something like this with her ever and will never give a reason to complain but all of it happened and she soon went into depression. She would cry when alone and begin to think of leaving Jack away and going away with her son to another city. The growing fondness had become a huge source of tension between them. One fine day she did decide to leave him. There were so many things which she could not share with her family or Jack’s family as she did not want to give them any kind of tensions. She would bear everything on own and kept getting ill about the whole thing. She had given up all hopes of her relationship getting better. Even though she might be the one feeling all depressed and out but still she is the hero of my story. She is an independent woman who does not compromise with her values and principles and makes her own path and a very successful one for sure. It is after Steffi leaves that Jack begins to feel for her. He tries to recognize his mistakes and cries over them. In the meanwhile Maddy meets someone else in her life and gets married to him. Her chapter is over and now Jack is only left with Steffi or in fact not left with Steffi at all. She too has gone away with her son. It is now that Jack begins to realize that he has acted quite selfishly though. He only thought about himself and no one else. He realizes that he actually has no one left with him. His sisters are married they go away, his brother goes to another city for further studies, the parents too are now old enough and leave for their ancestral village. There is actually no one left behind at home for Jack. When he returns back home everyday after work he realizes his mistakes each and every day. What wrong and how wrong he did. Even though the two of them Jack and Maddy did not have anything serious between them. It was just a sort of a fondness that had grown between them but Steffi a strict loyalist would not bulge into anything short. Jack realizes his mistakes and apologizes to Steffi to return back home with Sean. She does have a soft corner for her and so returns back home after 3 years with her child. She agrees to live with her but there remains a certain thing in her heart that stops her from going. She returns to him but after so many tribulations and issues between them. What we learn from the story is one important fact and that being that we need to respect the relationships that we have and not take them for granted. Always value the relationships as they are the ones that shall stay behind. Another important lesson learnt from this short fiction story is that we must not wander our thoughts, need to remain focused on the job at hand and understand the priorities in life. Priorities are the blueprint for the success of both personal and professional life. The bottom line is, when people are crystal clear about the most important priorities of the organization and team they work with and prioritized their work around those top priorities, not only are they many times more productive, they discover they have the time they need to have a whole life.

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Part 1

Mini Questions and Answers

Everyone must write and there are so many reasons to write. Writing helps an individual in so many different and unique ways. Writing is in my opinion the best form of expression of the feelings and thoughts of an individual. It is through writing that we can master the art of being perfect at expressing oneself. Writing helps to vent out any negative thoughts and energies present in the mind of any individual. Writing helps in a much more constructive development of the individual only if he is in the right company with the right kind of people.

I believe that I only write for myself. I in fact love to write but it is also something that I do not practice very often however much I would want it to become an important part of my life. I do not think that there is any such story which only I can write as there is no dearth of good writers on the planet. There are so many of them who are so good at their work. However yes there is one such kind of writing that only I can write and that is about me and me only. The I in my opinion is the concerned individual who is writing. The person who writes is the I in writing.

Yes it is quite true that the writer’s do have an advantage when writing about something that they have never lived before. The act of writing is a beautiful art in itself as we are able to write on subjects that we have never studied, do not know much about and also wish to study. It is important here to mention that writing is in itself a very diverse field. Since the field is quite a diverse one hence it is all the more important that permission to write will vary as per a set particular boundary. It is not legitimate for anyone to write about anyone without knowing his subject correctly. Hence there are certain restrictions on what to write, on whom to write and also how to write in the best of methods possible.

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Resume review



Hi Jesus. Thanks for your submission to eTutoring! My name is Caroline.

You have an interesting paper here. It’s clear that you are very involved in the subject material, and have done a lot of thinking about it. But it doesn’t match the assignment description you gave to eTutoring. Did you perhaps submit a different paper to eTutoring by mistake? If not, take another look at the assignment, which asks you to compare an aspect of interpersonal communication in three different cultures. (The only culture I see described in your paper is your own, which is presumably North American.)

I have given you a number of comments (in [boldface brackets like this]) in your paper about logic, grammar, punctuation, etc.; these should help you with your writing in general. You can resubmit a paper to eTutoring for a total of three reviews; of course, if it turns out that you need to write an entirely new paper, you can submit that paper as a new submission.

Good luck, and thanks again!







Intimacy and Distance

Name: Jesus Soto

Course: Interpersonal Communication

Date: March 16, 2015

School: Spokane Falls Community College













The importance of effective communication goes beyond simple sharing of information to deep and broad sharing of our personal how about [ß what is “personal how about”? is this a mistyping, or is there missing text here?] with others. This particularly centers on the art of self-disclosure, which entails communicating of private information about ourselves to others. This week’s reading was very interesting in unfolding the art of self-disclosure in a myriad of ways, including sharing of secrets (Warren, 2015), interpersonal communication (which encompass [ß “encompasses,” not “encompass”] open communication) and the human’s buggy moral code [ß do you mean that the moral code of humans is buggy? And do you mean “buggy” in the software sense, not the insect sense or the old-fashioned-carriage sense?] which reviewed on [ß delete “on”] predictable irrationality such as cheating (Ariely, 2015). Although all these were very interesting and resourceful, I was deeply attracted in [ß you can be “attracted to” someone or something, but not “attracted in”] exploring interpersonal communication. This discussion seeks to analyze the article “Self-Disclosure in Interpersonal Communication[ß you don’t have to use italics for article titles, just quotes] by John Pekker, through comparing and contrasting it with the week’s readings. The article is accessible via Most importantly the analysis shall focus on my view of intimacy and distance, in the context of self-disclosure.

Comparing and contrasting the article’s findings to that of this week’s reading.

The article ““Self-Disclosure in Interpersonal Communication” has findings that coincide with the weeks [ß you’ve got the correct possessive for this earlier, but it needs to be fixed here: “week’s”] reading. For instance, its definition of self-disclosure marries perfectly [ß marries perfectly with what?] and re-affirms that the information we share with/to others is intended to help them understand us better (YouTube, 2015). [ß Really? Aren’t there also other reasons we might share info with others? To entertain, to educate, to guilt-trip, etc.?] The author also acknowledges that self-disclosure comes with costs and benefits, which he refers to as ‘rewards’. [ß Use double quotes, not single quotes. Also, put the period inside the quote marks.] As featured in the weeks reading, self-disclosure aims at, and initiates the building of [ß you used a parenthetical comma after “at” so you need a closing one here; see also ] intimate relationships regardless of the distance between the concerned parties. This is, however, [ß nice use of the parenthetical comma here!] pointed out to be a gradual process. Last but not least, the article concurs with the weeks reading that self-disclosure entails both broad and deep sharing of information. All these uphold the reciprocity and intimacy attached to self-disclosure where the receiving part also self-discloses to the first party, leading to a very close relationship.

However, the article differs in an argument with the weeks reading by ushering in a new concept of the Johari window, which elaborates on how much we know about ourselves as well as how much others know about us. This is a window with four ‘panes’ of information:

  • Open Pane – Known to self / known to others.
  • Hidden Pane- Information Open to Self / Hidden from others.
  • Blind Pane- Blind to self / Seen by others.
  • Unknown Pane information Unknown to self and unknown to others, e.g. Hidden or unexplored talents

The article, in contrast to the weeks reading [ß You make frequent reference to whether your chosen article matches or doesn’t match the other readings you did in a certain week. If you are not going to explicitly compare and contrast all of these papers, you don’t need to keep bringing up all those other papers that you’re not actually going to discuss in detail.] explores the aspect of self-disclosure in the digital age, such as sharing information online and the like, [ß delete “and the like” – this is just filler] which unveils that people are freer to share their inner selves to other [ß to others?] online after a long period of interaction but tend to cheat in the short run. Lastly but not least, [ß Make your terms match in form: either “last but not least” (preferred) or “lastly but not leastly”] the author unveils another concept of self-disclosure when he unfolds that competent communicators are usually selective when it comes to self-disclosure. Thus, they tend to make calculated choices with positive, as well as the negative outcomes of disclosure in mind. In such a case, this becomes a self – description rather than disclosure and contrasts the social penetration theory (, 2012). [ß I don’t know what the social-penetration theory is, so I don’t know from your paper alone how it contrasts with the Pekker paper.]

Reflection (with specific examples) on how interpersonal communication has impacted my life

I am naturally an outspoken person, although at instances [ß choose either “at times” or “in certain instances”]  I find myself conservative with [ß “conservative about”] what I share with others even after a long period of interaction. I have a feeling that this hinder [ß “hinders” not “hinder”] my social skills be it at home, with friends or even at the workplace; [ß replace semicolon with a comma] thus preventing me from benefiting from others’ ideas about different aspects of life. Building [a] working intimate relationship with my spouse has been trouble, [ß “has been difficult”] especially due to the fact that I tend to restrict myself from being open when communication [ß “when communicating”] over a long distance, especially when I leave home. This has been troubling my love life, but with the week’s readings, I have a reason to smile since the concepts highlighted have been resourceful and as outlined in the following section, I shall take a life-changing step to integrate the concepts of open interpersonal communication in the rest of my life. In a nutshell, I find myself shying away from communicating my troubles with others, which has made me suffer considerably. However, from the readings, I have realized the power of communication to make things brighter through being open.

How I shall integrate interpersonal communication as an area of self-disclosure into my life, so as to become a competent communicator

This week’s readings, as well as the article I chose, have been a mind opener to my conscience in a couple of ways. [ß Are you opening your mind, or your conscience? Pick one.] For instance, I have come to appreciate the power of establishing intimate relationships through beating even the barriers of distance through a simple open interpersonal communication approach. This way, I shall ensure that I employ the concept of social penetration theory in various life contexts in which I interact with people and reap benefits at the cost of self-disclosure (, 2015). This could be at the job place, at home or even when hanging out with friends. It is through such measures; then I shall [ß “It is through such measures, then, that I shall”] unfold the potential and the power of open [ß openness?] as well as effective communication to work to my advantage and to that of others as well (, 2012). Generally speaking, I shall seek to use both self-description and self-disclosure in the appropriate context of interaction to preserve a good public relation with the wider human society. I shall put emphasis on narrowing distance between my spouse and I to become more intimate through nothing but simply openness. Thanks to the readings. [ß This last is a sentence fragment:]




References:,. (2012). Self-Disclosure in Interpersonal Communication – Interpersonal Communication, Relations, and Compatibility. [ß No italics needed for article titles.] Retrieved 7 March 2015, from

Warren, F. (2015). [ß Use his full name, since it is available in the URL] Half a million secrets. Retrieved 7 March 2015, from

YouTube,. (2015). Interpersonal Communication: Self-Disclosure. Retrieved 7 March 2015, from, 2015). Retrieved 7 March 2015, from

Ariely, D. [ß Use his full name, since it is available in the URL] (2015). Our buggy moral code. Retrieved 7 March 2015, from


Complex Theory



Question 1

If a player in a game has a dominated strategy, then

    A. he or she should definitely use it.
B. his or her opponents must have a dominated strategy as well.
C. he or she will never find it optimal to choose it.
D. it must be part of a Nash equilibrium.


Question 2

The next two questions are based on the following game: Which of the following is true?

A. A dominant strategy for Firm A is “do not invest”.
B. There does not exist a dominant strategy for Firm A.
C. A dominant strategy for Firm B is “invest”.
D. None of the above


Question 3

What is the Nash equilibrium of the game?

A. (invest, invest)
B. (do not invest, do not invest)
C. (invest, do not invest)
D. A and B


Question 4

Consider the following information for a static game. If you advertise and your rival advertises, you each will earn $5 million in profits. If you choose not to advertise and your rival chooses not to advertise, you will each earn $10 million in profits. However, if one of you advertises and the other does not, the firm that advertises will earn $15 million and the firm that does not advertise will earn $1 million. Assuming that each player cares only about his or her own profits, the Nash equilibrium is

A. for each firm to advertise.
B. for neither firm to advertise.
C. for your firm to advertise and the other not to advertise.
D. None of the above.


Question 5

A coordination problem arises whenever:

A. there is no Nash equilibrium in a game.
B. there is a unique Nash equilibrium but it is not very desirable.
C. there are multiple Nash equilibria.
D. each player has a dominant strategy.

1 points

Question 6

Consider an industry with a small number of firms with market power. Suppose they sell identical products and have identical cost of production. If each firm posts a price without knowing the prices posted by its rivals, and it is impossible for them to collude, then

A. Firms will charge prices equal (or almost equal) to the marginal cost of production.
B. Firms will make zero (or close to zero) economic profits.
C. Firms will have incentives to invest in product differentiation.
D. All of the above.

1 points

QUestion 7

The next three questions are based on the following game: Which of the following are Nash equilibrium payoffs in the one-shot game?

  A. (0, 0)
  B. (100, 100)
  C. (-20, 250)
  D. (250, -20)

Question 8

Which of the following are the Nash equilibrium payoffs (each period) if the game is played only 2 times (and both players know this)?

A. (0, 0)
B. (100, 100)
C. (-20, 250)
D. (250, -20)


Question 9

Suppose the game is repeated over and over again, with players not knowing when it will be the last time they will play the game. If players use trigger strategies and value future payoffs sufficiently highly, then how much can each player earn per period?

A. (0, 0)
B. (100, 100)
C. (-20, 250)
D. (250, -20)

Question 10

The next two questions are based on the following information: Suppose the market for computer chips is dominated by two firms: Intel and AMD. Intel has discovered how to make superior chips and is considering whether or not to adopt the new technology. Adoption would entail a fixed setup cost of F but would increase revenues. However, if Intel adopts the new technology, AMD can easily copy it at a lower setup cost of F/2. If Intel adopts and AMD does not, Intel would earn $20 in revenues while AMD would earn $0. If Intel adopts and AMD does likewise, each firm will earn $7 in revenues. If Intel does not adopt the new technology, it will earn $3 and AMD will earn $2. Each firm cares only about its own profits. The extensive form representation of the game is shown below. Suppose F = 16. Then, using backward induction, what prediction do we obtain?


A. Intel will not adopt the new technology.
B. Intel will adopt the new technology, and so will AMD.
C. Intel will adopt the new technology, and AMD will not adopt it.
D. All of the above.

Question 11

Suppose F = 5. Then, using backward induction, we obtain the following prediction:

A. Intel will not adopt the new technology.
B. Intel will adopt the new technology, and so will AMD.
C. Intel will adopt the new technology, and AMD will not adopt it.
D. None of the above.


Question 12

Using backward induction, what prediction do we obtain for this game?

A. Player 1 chooses T and Player 2 chooses D.
B. Player 1 chooses T and Player 2 chooses U.
C. Player 1 chooses B and Player 2 chooses L.
D. None of the above.

Question 13

The next three questions are based on the following table: Which of the following is true?


A. M is a dominant strategy for player 1.
B. C is a dominated strategy for player 2.
C. L is a dominant strategy for player 2.
D. U is a dominated strategy for player 1.

Question 14

Iterated elimination of dominated strategies yields the following prediction:

A. (M, C).
B. (D, L).
C. (M, R).
D. (U, R).

Question 15

The Nash equilibrium of the game is:

A. (M, L).
B. (D, C).
C. (U, R).
D. (C, D).


PSY 3300-02/Dr. Wilson


Spring, 2015


Exam 2

25 points


Please ensure that you have 5 pages. Read each question carefully. Indicate your responses clearly and neatly. If you have a question, please ask me and only me.


Part 1: Multiple Choice (1 point each)


  1. The shape of the sampling distribution for a single sample t-test is


  1. a normal bell curve.
  2. negatively skewed.
  3. a t-distribution with n-1 degrees of freedom.
  4. platykurtic.


  1. If I compute a single sample t-test (two-tailed, α = .05) with a sample size of 15, my critical value will be


  1. +/- 1.64
  2. +/- 2.131
  3. +/- 2.145
  4. +/- 1.96


  1. In a single sample experiment, a sample mean is compared to


  1. alpha.
  2. a population mean.
  3. another sample mean.
  4. the standard error.


  1. Which of the following is not an assumption of the single sample z-test?


  1. The dependent variable is interval or ratio.
  2. The population standard deviation is estimated by s.
  3. The population standard deviation is known.
  4. The dependent variable scores approximate a normal distribution.




  1. The values that can vary in a set of data are called the


  1. degrees of certainty.
  2. degrees of incarceration.
  3. degrees of n.
  4. degrees of freedom.


  1. Suppose you have developed a new six-week smoking cessation program. Several randomly selected smokers follow this program. At the end of the six weeks, you want to find out whether your program was effective in reducing the number of cigarettes smoked in your sample compared to the population. Which of the following tests is most appropriate to use?


  1. A one-tailed test with the critical value in the upper tail (the positive tail)
  2. A one-tailed test with the critical value in the lower tail (the negative tail)
  3. A two tailed test
  4. Cannot bet determined from the information given


  1. If I reject the null hypothesis when it is true I have committed


  1. a Type II error.
  2. a null error.
  3. a Type I error.
  4. no error.


  1. The region of rejection contains values that


  1. most likely represent the population.
  2. represent the null hypothesis.
  3. represent the most common or typical scores.
  4. most likely do not represent the population.


  1. For the single sample z-test, the shape of the sampling distribution for a sample size of 40 will most likely be


  1. a z-distribution with 39 degrees of freedom.
  2. a normal distribution.
  3. platykurtic.
  4. positively skewed.


  1. According to the central limit theorem, the mean of the sampling distribution equals


  1. σ
  2. µ
  3. M
  4. n


Part 2: Computations


  1. A clinical psychologist wants to investigate the effect of a new depression medication. She knows that the mean depression score on the Beck Depression Inventory for her population of clients taking Prozac is µ = 4 (σ = .75) and the scores are normally distributed. She takes a random sample of n = 10 clients and gives them the new drug to see if the sample with the new drug differs from the population in their depression scores. Her sample with the new drug has a mean depression score of M = 2.5 after taking the new drug. Compute the appropriate statistical test to see if there is a difference between the sample and the population. List all six hypothesis testing steps in your answer. Calculate Cohen’s d if necessary. In step 6 provide an explanation of your results. 6 points




  1. A researcher wanted to know if people would spontaneously follow a 24-hour cycle of sleeping and waking if they are not exposed to the usual pattern of sunlight. She believes that her participants will not follow the 24-hour cycle but she doesn’t specify if their cycle will be shorter or longer. To test this, a sample of n = 8 volunteers were individually placed in a room in which there was no light form the outside and no clocks or other indications of time. After one month, the, the mean sleep cycle across the eight participants was M = 24.5 (s = 1.20). compute the appropriate statistical test to compare the sample mean to what is assumed to be the average sleep cycle in the general population (µ = 24) to see if the two groups are different. List all of the six hypothesis testing steps in your answer. Calculate Cohen’s d if necessary. In step 6 make sure you provide an explanation of your results.




  1. Suppose a researcher wants to evaluate her clients’ depression scores relative to the general population. In the population the average scores is µ = 12 and σ = 1.5.


  1. What is the probability of having a depression score above 11 on the scale?









  1. What is the percentile for a score of 9?









  1. What is the probability of getting a score below 15?